How to oil the floor?

How to oil the floor?

A wooden floor treated with floor oil gives a warm impression and exclusive feeling of natural wood. The oil penetrates the surface and enhances the colour and lustre of the wood. The surface becomes very durable and is thus suitable for heavy traffic areas. If maintained properly, the oiltreated floor will become more wear resistant and beautiful for each year that goes by and you will never have to sand your floor back to the bare wood again. Synteko floor oils have very good wear resistance and they all can be tinted with Synteko TINTING PASTE.
  • Suitable products are HARDWAX OIL, NATURAL, DOMO
  • References
  • Coverage: oak, ash 25-30 m²/L pine, spruce 15 m²/L beech 12-15 m²/L 
TOOLS:
  1. Applicator with rubber bla de (squeegee) 300-500mm
  2. Small brush or a small applicator at the edges
  3. Buffing machine with 2 adjustments (150 and 300 r.p.m.)
  4. Red pad for rubbing
  5. Red pad and a non-flocculent cotton cloth (5-6 pc/approx. 20 m²) for polishing
1. PREPARATION
Machine sand the surface to remove old treatments and impurities in the wood. The first sanding is made with a coarse sandpaper and high roller pressure. Make the floor surface as even as possible. If the floor is uneven in spots, sand locally to even out these areas. The final sanding is made with 100-120 grit sandpaper or screen, and with the lowest possible roller pressure. If roller pressure is too high, the soft springwood may be compressed. When moisture from the finish affects such softwood, it will raise the grain of the floor by swelling back to its original volume. Vacuum and tack the floor before applying the finish. Do not forget to remove dust on skirtings, windowsills, radiators, etc.

2. TINTING

The mixing of floor oils with TINTING PASTE is easily done by adding the tinting paste to the oil and shaking the container thoroughly (see separate Product Information). Always use full tubes of tinting paste. Be sure to completely empty the tube into the oil in order to avoid colour differences. Tinted oil has all same properties as neutral oil.  

3. PREPARATION FOR OILING

Before starting work, protect adjacent areas against splashing and spilling. The number of coats necessary depends on how much oil the floor will absorb. The best result is obtained with several thinner coats. Softwoods and beech absorb more; hard and exotic (oily) woods absorb less oil. The wood should be well fed, but not overfed. Plan your work well, large areas should be divided into smaller areas of 15 - 20 m² (161 – 215 ft²) or areas which are possible to handle in 20 minutes. In hot, dry weather the areas should be further reduced. Shake the can carefully before and during the use.

4. APPLICATION

Apply Synteko floor oil with an applicator with rubber blade (squeegee) or pour directly on floor and distribute with red pad. Use a small brush or a small applicator in areas where it is difficult to reach with the normal applicator. Too much oil in puddles will splash around. Use 150 r.p.m. or similar adjustment of the buffer. Redistribute the oil with a red pad - it is necessary to start within 20 minutes in normal temperatures. Add more oil if  necessary. Repeat the process as long as the wood is absorbing the oil. When the wood is saturated, rub the whole surface with a red pad using a 150 r.p.m. buffer. Remove all excess oil with a non-flocculent cotton cloth and a red pad. Change cloth or pad when it is filled up.  

5. POLISHING
After 3-4 hours the floor must be buffed using a red pad. Final polishing is done with a dry non-flocculent cotton cloth wrapped around the pad and 150-300 r.p.m. adjustment of the buffer. Do not allow unabsorbed oil to dry! Dried unabsorbed oil gives glossy spots on the surface.
Attention! Final polishing of Synteko DOMO has to be done after 16-18 hours with a dry non-flocculent cotton cloth wrapped around the pad and 150-300 r.p.m. adjustment of the buffer.

NB! Place all organic materials like cloth in a metal container filled with water for at least 16 hours to avoid self-combustion. Dispose of them according to regulations.


DURING THE USE:
  • The oil should be at room temperature.
  • Floor temperature must be between 15 and 25°C (60 to 77°F).
  • The oil should have room temperature.
  • The moisture content of the wood should be between 5% and 12%.
  • Shake the can carefully before and during the use.
  • Do not apply areas larger than 20 m² at a time (10 m² at a time in good drying conditions).
BEFORE USBEFORE USING THE FLOOR:
  • The floor can be used 1-2 days after the last polishing.
  • Do not wet a floor treated with Synteko floor oils during the first week.
  • Wait for 3 days before laying rugs or carpets.
  • Do not use vapour-proof, non-skid underlays or other coverings.
  • Attach felt pads to the legs of chairs and tables in order to avoid scratching the finish.
  • Vacuum or dry-mop floors regularly.
ATTENTION:
  • Do not allow unabsorbed oil to dry! Dried unabsorbed oil produces glossy spots on the surface.
  • Too much oil will result in a longer drying time and longer time for over-coating.
  • On wood with low absorption, leave some areas untreated during the first application. These areas will be filled during the redistribution procedure.
  • The oxygen curing process will be extremely slow if the temperature is below 18 °C.
  • Floor heating system must be turned on during application  and polishing.
  • Do not polish the surface while warm so as to avoid bleeding back of the oil.
  • Wait for 3 days before laying rugs or carpets and do not use vapour-proof, non-skid underlays or other coverings.
  • When the finish is dried the room can be aired.
  • Be sure to start regular maintenance before the surface is worn through to bare wood.
NB! Please read the separate Product Information sheets before using the products.

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